By Andrea Smith
Through the decolonization routine following global battle II, among 4 and 6 million humans have been "returned" to Europe from colonized lands. earlier, those migrations were ignored as students specialize in the parallel migrations of former colonized peoples. This quantity corrects this bias with essays via renowned sociologists, historians, and anthropologists on those "invisible" migrant groups. Their learn highlights the stories of colonists returning to France, Portugal, and the Netherlands; the intersections of race, citizenship, and colonial ideologies; and the ways that those migrations have mirrored the go back of the "colonial" to Europe.
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Extra resources for Europe's Invisible Migrants: Consequences of the Colonists' Return
Colonial 36 • Wim Willems migrants are even more unique, as they also had a picture in their heads of the imagined homeland they belonged to as nationals, although as a rule most of them had never actually set foot there before independence. In the case of the Indonesian-born Dutch, this was the kingdom of the Netherlands. When historical forces chased them out of their country of birth and caused them to flee to the postwar Netherlands, they went to a nation that was new to them. When some of them decided, after having moved to the Netherlands, to emigrate again, for example to the United States of America or Australia, a fifth country was highlighted on their identity map.
They were victims of a political game with consequences more far-reaching than the parties involved could have predicted. Robinson stressed again and again that these people were indeed of Dutch “stock” and that the Netherlands had to take full responsibility for what happened to them. The actions of the NASSI-committee, in which well-known professors and Members of Parliament participated, in the end changed Dutch government policies. The Ministry of Justice reluctantly widened the yearly quota and within a couple of years all applicants for visas had come to the Netherlands.
This may also explain the one-sided orientation of the second generation living in Australian society. There was no alternative, as they inherited too little of the original background of their parents. At the same time they are very strongly attached to their nuclear family, particularly in an emotional sense. This is not surprising, as they are the only relatives available and young people tend to search for role models first of all in their own family. This must be the explanation for the strong sense of close- No Sheltering Sky • 49 ness in Indies immigrant families in Australia, about which even the people I spoke to were surprised.