By Ian Gordon, A P Thirlwalld
This choice of essays represents the court cases of the convention of the Confederation of ecu fiscal institutions on the collage of Kent in 1986. topics contain foreign migration, labour mobility and capital flows and pursuits.
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Extra resources for European Factor Mobility: Trends and Consequences
Press). Sjaastad, L. A. (1962) 'The Costs and Returns of Human Migration', Journal 01 Political Economy, 7, pp. 80-93. SOPEMI (annual) Continuous Reporting System on Migration (Paris: Directorate for Social Affairs, Manpower and Education, OECD). Thomas, B. ) (1958) Economics 01 International Migration (London: Macmillan). Vanderkamp, J. (1971) 'Migration Flows, Their Determinants and the Effects of Return Migration', Journal 01 Political Economy, 79, pp. 1012-31. Wood, C. H. (1982) 'Equilibrium and Historical Structural Perspectives on Migration', International Migration Review, 16, pp.
All the important elements of change appear entirely explicable in terms of the quantitative approach. However, the German experience is not entirely typical of the countries of immigration - a fact which should perhaps be signalIed by the fuller and more reliable data on foreign labour for Germany available for statistical analyses such as Böhning's. O'Loughlin (1986) has recently argued that political responses to recession have effectively eliminated the distinction between countries such as France and Britain which traditionally accepted permanent settlement and those such as Germany and Switzerland who have only seen themselves as temporary hosts to gastarbeiter.
In these circumstances the impact of labour immigration is liable to be more conservative than growth enhancing and to delay rather than facilitate necessary adjustments in product and labour markets. Moreover, the sectors involved are liable to be non-industrial or declining and thus less likely to generate favourable Verdoorn effects either. Finally, by concentrating foreign workers in a particular segment of the labour market with conditions and rewards that domestic workers would reject, the possibility of using them as a buffer against fluctuations in unemployment is greatly reduced.