By United Nations
The illicit alternate, accumulation and use of small palms and light-weight guns, and the presence of explosive remnants of battle, exacerbate clash, threaten human existence, undermine improvement and bog down the restoration of war-torn societies. The unfold of small hands and their misuse are usually with regards to the vicious circle of poverty, lack of confidence and underdevelopment. This file goals to supply the eu Union with an summary of small fingers and explosive remnants of battle difficulties and present responses, in addition to an research of chosen eu activities in those parts and an evaluate in their effectiveness.
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The illicit exchange, accumulation and use of small fingers and light-weight guns, and the presence of explosive remnants of struggle, exacerbate clash, threaten human existence, undermine improvement and abate the restoration of war-torn societies. The unfold of small palms and their misuse are frequently concerning the vicious circle of poverty, lack of confidence and underdevelopment.
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Additional resources for European Action on Small Arms and Light Weapons and Explosive Remnants of War: Final Report
Council of the European Union, Council Decision of 21 October 2002 on the European Union's Contribution to Combating the DestabilisingAccumulation and Spread of Small Arms and Light Weapons and Repealing Joint Action 1999134lCFSe 20021589lCFSF: 12 July 2002. As well as combating the accumulation and spread of small arms, this Joint Action commits the EU to contribute to the reduction of existing accumulations of these weapons and their ammunition to levels consistent with countries' legitimate security needs, and to help solve the problems caused by such accumulations.
B Areas of programmatic synergy do already exist and could be developed further, for example, in relation to victim assistance, risk education, and weapons destruction. Some governments, such as those of the United States and Canada, are also integrating mine action and small arms within one department. Combining security programming with development assistance at a practical level means that all relevant institutional actors have to be on board, in particular DG DEV. The pervasive nature of small arms, mines and ERW requires a strong mobilization of EU development measures.
3 The Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking i n Firearms, Their Parts and Components and ~ m m u n i t i o n (Firearms ~ Protocol) The Firearms Protocol is the only legally binding international agreement on small arms. It was adopted in 2001 and focuses on illicit firearms used in (particularly transnational) crime. It promotes a crime prevention and law enforcement approach to the problem. Despite the differences of focus and applicability, the UN PoA and the Firearms Protocol are mutually reinforcing5 The International Instrument t o Enable States to Identify and Trace, in a Timely and Reliable Manner, Illicit Small Arms and Light weapons6 (Tracing Instrument) The most notable progress as part of the follow-up measures identified in section IV of the Programme of Action was the development of an international instrument, adopted in 2005, to enable states to identify and trace illicit SALW.