By Herbert Marcuse
During this vintage paintings, Herbert Marcuse takes as his place to begin Freud’s assertion that civilization is predicated at the everlasting subjugation of the human instincts, his reconstruction of the prehistory of mankind—to an interpretation of the fundamental developments of western civilization, stressing the philosophical and sociological implications.
“A philosophical critique of psychoanalysis that takes psychoanalysis heavily yet no longer as unchallengeable dogma... the main major common therapy of psychoanalytic idea on account that Freud himself ceased publication.” —Clyde Kluckhohn, The big apple Times
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Extra info for Eros and Civilization: A Philosophical Inquiry into Freud (2nd Edition)
As I have previously discussed (Ogden, 2004a, 2005a), I view psychoanalysis as an experience in which patient and analyst engage in an experiment within the analytic frame that is designed to create conditions in which the analysand (with the analyst’s participation) may be able to dream formerly undreamable emotional experience (his “undreamt dreams”). I view talking-as-dreaming as an improvisation in the form of a loosely structured conversation (concerning virtually any subject) in which the analyst participates in the patient’s dreaming previously undreamt dreams.
For Bion (1962a), “alpha-function” (an as-yet-unknown, and perhaps unknowable, set of mental functions) transforms raw “sense impressions related to emotional experience” (p. 17) into “alphaelements” that can be linked to form aﬀect-laden dream-thoughts. A dream-thought presents an emotional problem with which the individual must struggle (Bion, 1962a, b; Meltzer, 1983), thus supplying the impetus for the development of the capacity for dreaming (which is synonymous with unconscious thinking). “[Dream-]thoughts require an apparatus to cope with them .
I used to think that there were things that we should be talking about like sex and dreams and my childhood. ” It may be that the ﬁlm, Raising Arizona, caught the patient’s imagination because it is a story of two people who, unable to create (dream) a life of their own, attempt in vain to steal a part of someone else’s life. But I believe that the emotional signiﬁcance of the session did not lie primarily in the symbolic meaning of the ﬁlm; rather, what was most important to the patient and me was our experience of talking/dreaming together.