Electrical and Electronic Principles II by A. Nicolaides

By A. Nicolaides

Show description

Read or Download Electrical and Electronic Principles II PDF

Best circuits books

Liquid Crystal Displays: Fundamental Physics and Technology (Wiley Series in Display Technology)

An remarkable inspect the fundamental physics, chemistry, and know-how in the back of the LCDMost particularly used for desktop displays, televisions, and cellphones, LCDs (liquid crystal monitors) are a pervasive and more and more quintessential a part of our lives. supplying either an historic and a business-minded context, this large source describes the original clinical and engineering strategies used to create those appealing, shrewdpermanent, and eminently necessary units.

Electronic and Photonic Circuits and Devices (Ieee Press Series on Microelectronic Systems)

Digital and Photonic Circuits and units brings you a beneficial review of either the present perform of circuits and units in addition to the newest layout pattern towards photonics expertise. in a single handy resource, those chosen papers reprinted from the IEEE Circuits and units journal current the $64000 options in the back of destiny units and the most probably course of optoelectronics within the subsequent twenty-five years.

Power Trade-Offs and Low-Power in Analog CMOS ICs

The large upward push of electronic functions within the final twenty years arouses the advice that analog thoughts will lose their value. in spite of the fact that in functions that paintings with electronic signs analog suggestions are nonetheless extremely important for a couple of purposes. First the sign that needs to be processed or kept could be analog on the enter and output of the process.

ESD testing: from components to systems

With the evolution of semiconductor expertise and worldwide diversification of the semiconductor company, trying out of semiconductor units to structures for electrostatic discharge (ESD) and electric overstress (EOS) has elevated in significance. ESD trying out: From elements to platforms updates the reader within the new checks, attempt versions, and strategies within the characterization of semiconductor elements for ESD, EOS, and latchup.

Additional info for Electrical and Electronic Principles II

Sample text

The data needed are (a) bypass resistance values (only the smaller is needed in the triode approximation), (b) small-signal alphas for both parasitic transistors, (c) base/emitter saturation currents for both transistors, and (d) temperature. Whichever techniques are chosen to decouple the parasitic bipolars, they should prevent switching from the blocking state. Operating strictly in SAFE space guarantees a healthy, latchup-free CMOS technology. References [1] B. L. Gregory and B. D. Shafer, "Latchup in CMOS Integrated Circuits," IEEE Trans.

1, pp. 17-26, January 1990. 37 loop or hysteresis curve (Fig. 2a). The displacement charge density D is related to the polarization by (1) D=E oE+ P(C/cm 2 ) When the general properties and reliability issues ot ferroelectrics that are applicable to ULSI DRAMs are combined with the projected electrical requirements for 64-Mb and 256-Mb DRAMs, we can determine the required material characteristics of a ferroelectric dielectric. We can then identify those specific materials (from among those analyzed) that hold the greatest promise for use in ULSIDRAMs, and we do that at the end of this article.

At a characteristic field, a maximum alignment of the spontaneous polarization occurs and the hysteresis curve saturates at PSat because additional electronic and ionic polarization produced by an increase in the field is typically quite small compared to the spontaneous polarization. However, there are some sputtered thin films in which the polarization does not appear to saturate [3-7]. For the sake of generality, then, we to the pogive the name "maximum polarization" P'tIIn larization that corresponds to the maximum applied field (Em ax ) • When the electric field is removed, the ionic and electronic polarization decrease to zero.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.14 of 5 – based on 14 votes

Related posts