Cognitive Neuroscience of Natural Language Use by Roel M. Willems

By Roel M. Willems

Once we give some thought to daily language use, the 1st issues that are evoked contain colloquial conversations, studying and writing e-mails, sending textual content messages or analyzing a e-book. yet will we research the mind foundation of language as we use it in our day-by-day lives? As a subject of research, the cognitive neuroscience of language is way faraway from those language-in-use examples. notwithstanding, contemporary advancements in learn and know-how have made learning the neural underpinnings of evidently taking place language even more possible. during this ebook a variety of overseas specialists offer a state of the art assessment of present ways to creating the cognitive neuroscience of language extra 'natural' and towards language use because it happens in actual existence. The chapters discover subject matters together with discourse comprehension, the research of debate, literature comprehension and the insights won from average speech in neuropsychology.

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We also relate performance on linguistic variables to gray matter atrophy and reduced fractional anisotropy in white matter in order to illuminate the neuroanatomic substrates of natural language production. In this chapter, we discuss analyses of connected speech production with respect to speech rate, speech errors and apraxia of speech, lexicon, grammar, and discourse structure in individuals with primary progressive aphasia, frontotemporal degeneration, Alzheimer’s disease, and variants of Parkinson’s disease.

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In their study, Skipper et al. (2009) use a “peak and valley analysis” to analyze the fMRI time series (TS) data. These “peaks” and “valleys” in the BOLD TS correspond to those points where the response changes magnitude, as it inflects higher (“peak”) and lower (“valley”), from the points immediately prior to them in the TS. They use this method to assess whether there is a systematic relation between peaks and valleys in participants’ BOLD TS responses and features that occur in the stimuli. fMRI methods for studying naturalistic language 19 Similar to Zacks et al.

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