Artificial psychology: the quest for what it means to be by Jay Friedenberg

By Jay Friedenberg

Creation. mind and brain. notion and motion. studying and reminiscence. considering. Language. Intelligence. Creativity. loose Will and determination Making. realization. Motivation and Emotion. Biology. Social habit. end

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Extra resources for Artificial psychology: the quest for what it means to be human

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Brooks (2002) proposes two notions that capture what this means. An embodied creature has a physical body and experiences the world at least partially through the influence of the world on that body. People like you or me and mobile robots with sensors and effectors are embodied. We have bodies and can perceive and move around through them. A situated creature is embedded in the world and experiences it immediately through sensors that directly influence its behavior. An airline reservation system is situated because it receives information directly from the world that affects what it does.

Just as the function of a stomach is to digest, Searle remarks that the function of a brain is to be conscious. By implication, this suggests that artificial attempts at creating a brain will fail because there is something special about the way biological brains operate that gives rise to mindfulness. This view is called biological naturalism. A functionalist would counter that there is, in fact, nothing special or privileged about biological brains. Reproducing the way they operate at a sufficient level of complexity is enough to create their higher-order properties.

For one thing, it depends upon the actual speed of processing. A fast serial processor could solve a problem more quickly than a slow parallel processor. 4 Parallel and serial information-processing architectures. Boxes indicate modules or places where computations take place. Arrows indicate the flow of information as inputs and outputs between modules. 26 • Artificial Psychology really depends on the speed with which those steps can get executed. Human neurons are limited to firing or sending off an electrical signal at about one thousand times a second.

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